Know and Grow Pilea Peperomioides

Pilea peperomioides is an example of how a plant can reach us through social networks. In fact, this variety has become famous to most only recently, often appearing in gardening or decoration profiles.

Let’s go now to discover the tricks and tips that will allow you to know and cultivate the Pilea Peperomioides.

Origins of the Pilea

Originally from China, she arrived in Europe through a Scandinavian missionary, undoubtedly a plant lover. Known as the “coin plant”, it is an indoor plant that is very easy to care for and maintain.

It develops rapidly during spring and summer, its growth then stops during the autumn and winter.


The Pilea adapts perfectly to bright spaces, without direct sun. Nothing happens if it receives direct light during the early hours of the day, but it is best to try to avoid stronger light.

The lack of light, on the other hand, causes an elongated growth and the inclination of the plant towards the light sources, windows or balconies, which can be corrected by rotating the vase. There are various opinions on this type of practice (turning the pot slightly to straighten the plant):

There are those who say that the plant is stressed and those who instead defend this practice with fervor. The best thing I would say is to try to change position, looking for a brighter one, given that there are other plants that may instead prefer dimly lit spaces.


The irrigation is necessary for this type of plant changes according to the season of the year. In winter it is sufficient to water it once a week, while in summer it can require water up to 3 times a week. The terracotta pots tend to absorb part of the water of watering, it may then be necessary to take them into account in the periodicity.

As always, it is best to let the soil dry between one watering and the next and learn to observe the plant: if it needs water, its leaves will assume a slightly falling position.

On the contrary, if they take on a yellowish or dark color, with black edges, it is a clear symptom of excess watering. Touch the ground to check its humidity, if it is wet, remove the plant from the pot and wrap the soil with newspaper, in order to absorb the excess of humidity.

Before putting it back in the pot, adding material to the bottom that allows for good drainages, such as volcanic stones or expanded clay.

Fertilize and clean the Pilea

As a rule, the pilea needs fertilizer for green or indoor plants once a month. The liquid format is very practical, we can also use it for other indoor plants; it is also available in the solid format, it is distributed on the ground and dissolves with irrigation water.

To clean the leaves you can use a soft, slightly moistened cloth. Avoid getting them wet when you water, or do it only sporadically, to wash them. Continuing to wet the leaves can lead to the appearance of mold.


The file is a plant appreciated for its small size but still likes an annual repotting. Choose a pot with a slightly larger diameter, but you can also decide to keep it in the same pot it was in when you bought it. In the latter case, add new soil and renew the roots. It will be sufficient to extract the plant from the pot, soften the earth with your hands, so that it comes off, and cut a third. In the upper part, you will have to proceed in a similar way, the transplant is the ideal time for cuttings and to separate the small seedlings that have grown around it.

Reproduction of the Pilea

The file is a plant that reproduces easily. The children grow up close to the mother plant, to which they remain close to the ground. In some cases, they develop instead attached to the central trunk, it depends on the plant.

To separate them, the best thing is to slightly move the earth and look for where they come together. There, near the mother plant, we can make a clean cut with garden shears or a sharp knife.

These cuttings take root easily, directly in the earth if they already have some roots. If not, it’s best to put them in the water. The roots will grow in a couple of weeks and we can then transplant them when they reach a good size.

The best time to cut them is spring, but I also got good results in summer.

The file is a very decorative plant, easy to care for and reproduce. For this reason, they usually tend to provoke a greater interest in houseplants, it is not excluded that you then decide to expand your collection of plants!